Indigenous Enfranchisement Orders in Council

Orders in Council Enfranchising Canadian Indigenous Persons

In 1857 the Province of Canada adopted the enfranchisement processes to "civilize" Indigenous persons and assimilate them.  After Confederation, the Privy Council of Canada approved Orders in Council enfranchising Canadian Indigenous persons.  An Indigenous person who was approved to be enfranchised lost their status as an Indigenous person.  An Indigenous woman and her minor unmarried children automatically became enfranchised if the woman married a non-status man.

We photographed the enfranchisement Orders in Council listed in the Red Registers of the Privy Council of Canada from 1878 to 1970 and indexed the names of the persons contained in them.  The names include not only the enfranchised Indigenous persons but also the non-status men who married Indigenous women.

For more information on Enfranchisement and to find names of enfranchised persons that were not in the Orders in Council we photographed and indexed, please follow the instructions shown in this blog from Library and Archives Canada:

The list of Surnames in the Orders in Council we photographed and indexed starting from A to M is here:  Surnames A - M

The list of Surnames in the Orders in Council we photographed and indexed starting from N to Z is here:  Surnames N - Z

A partial list of the Bands and Agencies that these persons belonged to before they were enfranchised is here:  Bands and Agencies

To order a photograph of the enfranchisement Order in Council containing a name you see in these lists or to ask any questions, please contact us at:  

Alex Laronde 11.11.2021 05:56

Can you please send me all the info you have on Joseph Obtagesic that is my great grandfather

| Reply

Latest comments

26.10 | 02:43

I suggest you submit an Access to Information request to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada asking for any and all documents they have for Mr. Rott.

26.10 | 01:30

Searching for Wilhelm Rott who docked at Pier 21, Halifax, Nova Scotia on January 14, 1957 on the MS Seven Seas. I do not see him on your list.

18.10 | 13:24

There are no Johnstones but McDonalds from Crane River, Fort Alexander, Nelson House, Peguis, and Sandy Bay Bands. Please email

13.10 | 14:08

Any Johnstone's or McDonald's from Selkirk Man area who gave up Indian status?